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Experience Persian History and Culture

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Experience persian wildlife

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Experience Persian Art and Architecture

"Land of mysterious diversity"

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About Iran

nature

Nature of Kish

The Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman, whose coasts provide excellent opportunities for recreation in the cool seasons, lie to the south of this province. In winter, when most of the regions of Iran have cold weather and are covered in snow, the moderate…
Attractions

IRANIAN MEALS

STARTERS A standard Iranian meal starts with a basic, prefabricated green salad, radioactive-pink dressing and ash-e jo (soup of pearl barley). Some places include these in a total set-meal price but usually they are charged separately. MAINS Even in a…
Iran

Theater

The most important and prevalent form of Iranian theater is the Ta ziyeh(passion play), which means “mourning for the dead” , and actually predates the introduction of Islam into Iran. These plays are staged in every Iranian city, town and village during…
Iran

The Culture

THE NATIONAL PSYCHEIranians are the most surprising people. Where you might expect them to be austere, they are charming; rather than dour, they are warm; and instead of being hostile to foreigners, they are welcoming and endlessly curious.Iranians take their…

Mashhad “the city of spirituality”



Mashhad is Iran’s holiest and second biggest city. Its raison d’être and main sight is the beautiful, massive and ever-growing Haram (shrine complex) commemorating the AD 817 martyrdom of Shia Islam’s eighth Imam, Imam Reza. The pain of Imam Reza’s death is still felt very person ally over a millennium later and around 20 million pilgrims converge here each year to pay their respects to the Imam. 

 

History


Following Imam Reza’s burial here, the small village of Sanabad began to attract Shiite pilgrims and soon became known as Mashhad (place of martyrdom). Tus remained a more significant town until 1389 when Timur sacked the whole area. But thereafter it was Mashhad that eventually limped back to life as the new capital of Khorasan. The shrine was enlarged in the early 15th century by Timur’s son, Shah Rokh, and his extraordinary wife, Gohar Shad, for whom the Haram’s main mosque is named. Once the Safavids had established Shiism as the state creed, Mashhad became Iran’s pre-eminent pilgrimage site and Shah Abbas I rebuilt the Holy Shrine’s new core around 1612. Politically, Mashhad reached its zenith under Nader Shah Abbas I rebuilt the Holy Shrine’s new core around 1612. Politically, Mashhad reached its zenith under Nader Shah whose empire was focused on Khorasan. Even though Nader was a Sunni of missionary zeal, he continued to sponsor the Haram. In 1928, nonreligious buildings within 180m of the Holy Shrine were flattened to make way for the Haram’s biggest enlargement to date. Prior to the 1979 revolution this religious ‘island’ was further expanded to 320m and construction has continued apace ever since. When historians look back on the era of the Islamic Republic, they will point to the Haram as its greatest architectural achievement.