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About Iran

nature

Nature of Chabahar

Hirmand River, the largest in the province, originates in the highlands of Afghanistan and is 1,390 km long. It is the mostimportant river of the eastern parts of Iran and western parts of Afghanistan. A section of this river, about 60 km Sistan, in the north…
Iran

Iran Map

Iran, the second largest country in the Middle East, has 5,000 years of fascinating history, and is home to one of the world's oldest continuous major civilizations.Known as Persia until 1935, Iran was unified as a nation in 625 BC by the Medes, and was first…
nature

Nature of Isfahan

Zayandeh-Rood, 270 km long, is considered to be the most significant river of Isfahan province. Furthermore, this river plays an effective role on the climatic conditions and the humidity of the region, and provides excellent opportunities for recreation.…
nature

Nature of Hamedan

The largest river in this province, the Gamasiab, passes through the provinces of Kermanshah, Lorestan, 11am, and Khuzestan where it is known as Karkheh. The mineral water spring of Tangez provides gaseous water that contains bicarbonate of chlorine and is…

Ardabil “the city of MT Sabalan”


Ardabil is a logical stopping point between Tabriz and the upper Caspian coast. Ardabil’s magnificent Sheikh Safi-od-Din Mausoleum is by far its greatest attraction. When the chilly smog clears, Mt Sabalan’s snow topped peak is dramatically visible from Ardabil’s Shurabil Lake. Driving to Alvares ski-slope from the nearby hot-springs resort of Sara’eyn gets you well up Sabalan’s slopes for some lovely summer trekking. Ardabil sits on a high plateau. The weather is pleasantly cool in summer, but terrifies brass monkeys in winter. Snow is probable   from November.



History


A military outpost for millennia, Ardabil was declared a city around AD 470. It was capital of the Sajid dynasty Azarbayjan from AD 871 to 929, and saw independence as a khanate from 1747 to 1808. However, Ardabil is best remembered for spawning two great leaders: the Safavid patriarch and great dervish-Sufi mystic Sheikh Safi-od-Din (1253–1354), plus his later descendant Ismail Safavi. The latter expanded the clan domains so successfully that by 1502 Ismail had become Shah of all Persia. His glorious Safavid dynasty was to rule Iran for over two centuries.